By D. Allan Bromley (auth.)
In this outstanding journey d'horizon, D. Allan Bromley makes use of the party of the centenary of the yank actual Society to mirror upon the expansion of physics over the last a hundred years, its fragmentation into quite a few subdisciplines, the influence physics has had upon smooth know-how, and the re-emergence of the basic solidarity of the self-discipline lately. hundreds and hundreds of old illustrations accompany the textual content. Bromley conveys a lot of the thrill and beauty that study in physics generated within the twentieth century and asks what new issues are in shop within the subsequent century. He covers such issues as relativity and quantum mechanics, the big apple venture, superconductivity, transistors and the revolution caused by means of solid-state electronics, protein folding, the makes use of of nuclear and atomic physics in biology and medication, plate tectonics, the growth of the universe and the massive Bang, and gravitational radiation. Bromley, the Sterling Professor of the Sciences and Dean of Yale college, served as Assistant to the President for technological know-how and know-how coverage 1989-1993 and used to be president of the yank actual Society in 1997. one of many World's top nuclear scientists, he was once founder and director of Yale's nuclear constitution laboratory and has bought various medals and awards, together with the nationwide Medal of Science.
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FIGURE 21 Vannevar Bush in his laboratory. 1. Rabi (1944) in the early days at Los Alamos. ) FIGURE 28 Figure 31 is a rather rare photograph which shows Edward Teller congratulating Robert Oppenheimer after he received the Fermi Award from President Johnson. This symbolic reconciliation in many ways marked the end of a very unhappy period during which Teller and Oppenheimer disagreed strongly about the wisdom of developing the hydrogen bomb, during which Teller negotiated the creation of his own weapons laboratory at Livermore, and during which the Oppenheimer Hearings recommended the removal of Oppenheimer's security clearances.
I now turn to some of the specific areas of growth in postwar physics. D. A. Bromley, A Century of Physics © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002 31 32 AN HISTORICAL OVERVIEW, 1900-1949 Materials Science The behavior of solids and of fluids began to occupy what is now, by a substantial margin, the largest subdivision of physics. This reflected (in part, at least) the enormous importance of the applications made possible by new understanding in material science and in condensed matter generally.
FIGURE 48 FIGURE 49 An illustration of the Lorentz attractor for a dynamical system. The phase point over time traces out this characteristic "owl mask" but without ever closing. The Lorentz attractor has become something of an emblem for chaotic systems. ) 45 46 AN HISTORICAL OVERVIEW, 1900-1949 nonlinearity that evolved from Lorentz's work marks one of the major achievements in twentieth-century physics. Self-Similarity One other important development in the study of chaotic (or apparently chaotic) systems was initiated in the early 1960s by Benoit Mandelbrot, then at IBM.
A Century of Physics by D. Allan Bromley (auth.)