By Wesley Thiesen
This is often the 1st accomplished linguistic examine of Bora, a typologically strange language spoken in Colombia and Peru, the results of 4 many years of labor one of the Bora humans. The language has an incredibly excessive variety of classifiers (over 300). those classifiers are utilized in quite a few how you can perform reference. via those classifiers, apposition is the first mechanism for developing referring expressions, instead of the extra cross-linguistically universal mechanism of constituency. additionally they supply tight intersentential harmony in discourse. The animate/inanimate contrast is pervasive, manifesting itself within the morphology, syntax, and lexicon. This quantity additionally features a thorough research of Bora grammatical and lexical tone, which has a posh procedure of sandhi with default tone being excessive, unlike nearly all of tonal languages. The ethnographic cartoon contains dialogue of the original Bora sign drums. This learn should be of curiosity to all serious about typological concerns, South American languages and peoples, or tone reviews. Wesley Thiesen bought his B.A. in Anthropology from Wheaton university in 1948. He and his spouse Eva labored for SIL one of the Bora-speaking humans from 1952 to retirement in 1998, residing a lot of that point in a Bora village. David Weber obtained his Ph.D. in Linguistics from the collage of California, la in 1983. He and his spouse Diana have labored with SIL when you consider that 1969. From 1972 to 2002 their efforts eager about the Huallaga Quechua language. He at the moment serves as an SIL linguistic advisor. The book's hide depicts a basket hand made by way of the Bora humans.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Bora with Special Attention to Tone
Sitting on low stools near a large earthen vessel they dip into the liquid food pouring it down in big gulps in unbelievable quantities, until sitting becomes almost unbearable. The one who drinks the most goes over to the drums and announces his victory, giving the name o f the victor and that of the loser. Since the Bora people do not serve meals at regular hours, the drums are used to teil those at work or away from the house that dinner is ready. When a trader comes his arrival is announced on the drums.
Sometimes a herd o f peccaries runs near the village. When this happens most people get their own supply o f meat. Several years ago a herd of peccaries crossed the river right into the village. They can be dangerous, so those who were unarmed climbed trees or ran for cover. 4 Fishing The Bora fish with hooks, nets, spears, traps, and poison. When fishing with poison, everyone goes to help. The children love to fish with hooks, and they prepare their fish and eat them on their own, or sell them to outsiders to buy more fish hooks and fishing line.
Meat from larger animals is shared with relatives and neighbors if they bring it in fresh, and sometimes when it is smoked. They hunt for large rodents (agouti and capybara), both for meat and to protect their crops. Monkey, deer, tapir, peccary, coati, sloth, porcupine, and birds are also eaten. Sometimes a herd o f peccaries runs near the village. When this happens most people get their own supply o f meat. Several years ago a herd of peccaries crossed the river right into the village. They can be dangerous, so those who were unarmed climbed trees or ran for cover.
A Grammar of Bora with Special Attention to Tone by Wesley Thiesen