By Daniel Sivan
Ugaritic, came upon in 1929, is a North-West Semitic language, documented on clay capsules (about 1250 texts) and dated from the interval among the 14th and the twelfth centuries B.C.E. The records are of varied varieties: literary, administrative, lexicological. a number of Ugaritic drugs comprise parts of a poetic cycle relating the Ugaritic pantheon. one other half, the executive files make clear the association of Ugarit, hence contributing tremendously to our realizing of the background and tradition of the biblical and North-West Semitic global. this significant reference paintings, a revised and translated variation of the author's Hebrew book (Beer Sheva, 1993), bargains with the phonology, morphology and syntax of Ugaritic. The e-book comprises additionally an appendix with textual content decisions.
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Extra info for A Grammar of the Ugaritic Language (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch der Orientalistik)
31,2). The Ugaritian scribes were not consistent in dividing words. Usually, words were separated by a small wedge, Y (which may sometimes be confused with gimel because of the similarity in shape). In modern transcriptions, the word divider is represented by a period. g. 92, c specially lines 1-9). At times, the words are written in an unbrokt-n wquence and the reader has to decide where to divide between words. One finds instances when a word is separated from its proclitic particle or from its suffixed pronoun and there are even word dividers within words.
Inza, p. 82). e. s. ; cf. discussions inza, pp. e. the yqtl0 forms of verbs with final aleph), viz. 18 IV,24). 'U 3 ' CHAPTER TWO PHONOLOGY General Remarkc The pronunciation of the consonants in Ugaritic is determined by comparison with other Semitic languages (the pronunciation of classical Arabic, Hebrew and its various traditions, and Syriac in its eastern tradition). For several consonants there is no consistency among the Semitic languages and in such cases it is impossible to reach any clear decision regarding the cognate Ugaritic consonants.
119,19; cf. 14, II,50). Elision of h The third person suffix pronoun is written -h and sometimes -nh, but sometimes the latter form appears without the he; probably indicating gemination of the nun (cf. Good 1981:119-121; cf. also the discussion herein under personal pronouns, inza, p. 53). 9,4; cf. Freedman 1979:192; cf. Biblical Hebrew llQ "his mouth" [2 Kgs 4:34] alongside 17p [prov. 16:23], ll?? "his father" [Gen. 2:24] alongside 1;r17$ [Sudg. 14:19]). The orthography b btw may be taken as a scribal error (cf.
A Grammar of the Ugaritic Language (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch der Orientalistik) by Daniel Sivan