By Desmond Bell
During the last twenty years, a sequence of minor generations have come of age in strife-torn Ulster. youngsters strengthen a feeling of ethnic expertise - as Ulster Protestant or Irish Catholic - in a state of affairs of political obstacle and sectarian disagreement. utilizing ethnographic equipment, Desmond Bell explores the subcultural global of younger Loyalists and examines the position of stripling cultural practices within the replica of ethnic id and within the reconstruction of culture in Irish society.
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Additional resources for Acts of Union: Youth Culture and Sectarianism in Northern Ireland
It identifies the media as a source of baneful foreign cultural influence polluting the minds of the young. Historically the Catholic church made sustained attempts to censor and control first film, then radio and later television. It has also sought to manage the leisure activities of the young. In the 1930s and 1940s individual clerics thundered against the mass media and the commercial leisure industries with the dire warning: present-day youth are growing 'soft' and are more bent on pleasure-seeking.
As he argued: The adolescent requires the support of religious sanctions and the aid of religion in his violent struggle against the world, the flesh and the devil ... It will, therefore, not be necessary to repeat the need for religion in a national organization of youth (1942). Devane commended, in particular, the example of the Portuguese fascist youth movement, the Mocidade founded by Salazar in 1936. Such a body could, 'arouse patriotic devotion to the Motherland and develop a love of order and discipline in Youth'.
Now largely the province of the young - can be seen as a symbolic response to this crisis of community and identity. This mythic representation of the 'Protestant people' and their idealised territory- 'Ulster'- attempt to resolve, at the level of the imaginary, the real material contradictions confronting the Protestant working-class in contemporary Northern Ireland. Youth subcultural representations of community But, the young Loyalists of Ulster are today experiencing their own generationally-specific material situation.
Acts of Union: Youth Culture and Sectarianism in Northern Ireland by Desmond Bell