By James Crawford
A suite of 18 essays addressing the coverage and politics of teaching English language freshmen. topics comprise demographic swap and its academic implications, American responses to language variety, public controversies over bilingual schooling, high-stakes checking out and its influence on English language novices, and the precarious prestige of language rights within the united states.
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Extra resources for Advocating for English Learners: Selected Essays (Bilingual Education & Bilingualism)
It largely defined the terms of debate and attempted, with varying degrees of success, to inform voters on a complex issue about which few had any direct knowledge. In fact, the print and broadcast coverage turned out to be so effective in shaping opinions that Unz’s organization, English for the Children, saw little need to resort to paid media, those 30-second radio and TV spots, in the late stages of the campaign. Certainly, news media alone did not determine the outcome on election day. Several other factors were involved in the victory of 227, and they deserve mention.
34 W:\Clients\MLM\Crawford\ Crawford Proof 3 27 February 2008 17:00:32 Color profile: Disabled Composite Default screen Concern or Intolerance? 33 By contrast, ‘sheltered English immersion,’ the one-size-fits-all method that Proposition 227 would impose, has met with almost no public scrutiny. Unz promises it will teach all children English in 180 school days. Yet there is no evidence that this approach has ever worked before. In the 1991 Ramírez study, only 4% of students reached English fluency after a year in all-English programs; after four years, a third were still limited-English-proficient.
Whatever the case, those who boycotted at Ninth Street represented about one-quarter of the parents in a single school. How can they be considered representative of parent attitudes throughout California? And how often do Spanish-speaking parents face resistance when they seek nonbilingual classrooms for their kids? School districts are bureaucratic institutions, so it wouldn’t surprise me if that happened on occasion. Still it’s 50 W:\Clients\MLM\Crawford\ Crawford Proof 3 27 February 2008 17:00:34 Color profile: Disabled Composite Default screen The Bilingual Education Story 49 hardly commonplace if you check with the California Department of Education, which no reporter on this story did, to my knowledge.
Advocating for English Learners: Selected Essays (Bilingual Education & Bilingualism) by James Crawford