By Milton Wainwright (auth.)
An advent to Environmental Biotechnology offers an advent to the topic of environmental biotechnology. Environmental biotechnology refers back to the use of micro-organisms and different residing platforms to resolve present environmental difficulties akin to the cleansing of toxins and clean-up of oil tanker spills. also, it refers back to the biotechnology of the rural surroundings, in addition to using biopesticides and the appliance of microorganisms to the mining, steel restoration and paper industries. this can be the one accomplished introductory account of this material.
starting with an advent to microbial progress, An advent toEnvironmental Biotechnology goals to supply the non-specialist with a whole review of environmental biotechnology. it's provided in a simple to learn type with illustrations and comprises widespread references to using better crops in addition to micro-organisms in environmental biotechnology.
An creation to Environmental Biotechnology is aimed at a non-specialist viewers, together with engineers and environmental chemists, and environmental scientists who've restricted wisdom of microbiology and biotechnology.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Environmental Biotechnology
P. 1973. Microbiology 27:283·3 16. Nitrogen fixatioo by photosynthetic miaoorganisms. A"nual Reviews 0/ Wainwriglrt, M 1993. A review of the role of oligWophic miaoorganisms in biodderioratioo. I"tematio"al Biodeterioratio" a"d Biodegradatio" 3 1:1-13. 4 GENETIC EXCHANGE IN THE ENVIRONMENT Genetic information can be transferred in the environment between closely associated populations by the processes of phage-mediated transduction, transformation of naked DNA and plasmid assisted conjugation. The survival of infectious phage particles usually decreases in the presence of a natural microbial population.
19 Fig. 2. The sporophores of a wood destroying fungus decaying wood Some fungi remove the lignin much more rapidly than cellulose. The microfibrils of the latter are uncovered and the cellulose used later. In either case, the wood becomes much paler, often almost white, in color. The fungi concerned in brown and white rots are mainly Basidiomycetes, especially members of the Hymenomycetes. Both brown and white rots penetrate deep into the wood, whereas soft rots are more conspicuous near the surface.
The ability to transform DNA although not universal, is widely distributed amongst bacteria. The process involves first recognition and then binding of DNA to the cell surface of the recipient cell; the active transport of DNA through the cell membrane and the integration of DNA into the host replicon. Extracellular DNA obviously has to be present in the environment for this process to be of any significance. Naked DNA can persist in the environment if protected by soils, sediments or humic material.
An Introduction to Environmental Biotechnology by Milton Wainwright (auth.)