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By Sabatino Moscati, Wolfram Von Soden, Anton Spitaler, Professor Emeritus of Semitic Languages and of Ethiopian Studies Edward Ullendorff

An advent to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages

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Additional info for An Introduction to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages: Phonology and Morphology (Porta Linguarum Orientalium)

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G. Heb. e. the alternative procedure, just mentioned); Syr. *tqattal "he was killed" > 'etqattal. g. Syr. 'etqattal, Heb. hitqatt(}l (so also in the imperative of the Niphal). g. g. g. *mna "from" > 'amna, *gzi' "lord" > 'agzi'. The process continues in some modern dialects and becomes operative also in foreign borrowings such as the modern Eastern Aramaic 'us tal "table" from the Russian stol. Further examples in Ullendorff, SLE, pp. 198-201. g. g. *bayt "house" > bayit); cf. 100. g. *'abd "slave" > *'abed > 'abed.

Rapasu > rapsu "wide", fem. rapastu (in Akkadian the first three patterns are generally employed as adjectives). 7. c) Disyllables with long vowel or diphthong in the first syllable: qabar, qabir, qabur, qaybar, qaybiir, qaybur, qawbar. qawbiir. Of these patterns qabir usually has the function of an active participle and is widespread throughout the Semitic lan- 78 79 Morphology The Noun guages (cf. 68): Akk. maliku "counsellor", Ar. katib "writer", Reb. b, Syr. kateb, Eth. waras "heir". g. 88).

G. qatala > qatal); this may in some cases affect the constitution of a final consonant group (of. g. al-bakru "young [camel]", in pause al-bakur). g. g. malikatun > malikat > malikah); for a possible Hebrew and Syriac parallel cf. §. 33. 15. For the other languages we possess no adequate indications about sentence stress, or, at any rate, no changes occur of the type we have witnessed in Hebrew and Arabic. g. " instead of ippusu. III. Morphology A. Preliminaries 1. 1. g. ktb "to write", qbr "to bury", qrb "to approach", etc.

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An Introduction to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages: Phonology and Morphology (Porta Linguarum Orientalium) by Sabatino Moscati, Wolfram Von Soden, Anton Spitaler, Professor Emeritus of Semitic Languages and of Ethiopian Studies Edward Ullendorff


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