Download PDF by Friedrich Rapp (auth.): Analytical Philosophy of Technology

By Friedrich Rapp (auth.)

ISBN-10: 9027712220

ISBN-13: 9789027712226

ISBN-10: 940098412X

ISBN-13: 9789400984127

Friedrich Rapp, during this magisterial and demanding essay on know-how, the complicated human phenomenon that calls for philosophy of technological know-how, philosophy of tradition, ethical perception, and historic sensi­ tivity for its figuring out, writes modestly of the grave and ten­ tative state of affairs within the philosophy of expertise. regardless of the professional­ came across thinkers who've committed time and mind's eye and ratio­ nal penetration, regardless of the large literature now to be had, the numerous and comparative viewpoints of political, analytic, regardless of metaphysical, cultural, even esthetic commitments, certainly regardless of the sincere becoming a member of of old and systematic equipment of inves­ tigation, we're faraway from a passable figuring out of the thrill and sorrows, the achievements and disappointments, of the tech­ nological saga of human societies. Professor Rapp has ready this record at the philosophical figuring out of know-how for a bothered global; if ever philosophy have been wanted, it really is within the prac­ tical try and locate choices between applied sciences, to foresee hazards and possibilities, to settle on with a feeling of the possibil­ ity of satisfying humane values. Emerson stated the coed no longer as a consultant aside, yet as 'Man pondering' and Rapp's essay so speaks to we all, business global or 3rd global, engineers or humanists, drained or vigorous, frightened or optimistic.

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2) The fundamental objective of technological systems consists in relieving man from physical work. This becomes immediately METHODOLOGICAL AN AL YSIS 49 evident, for instance, in the case of power engines and in transportation technology. Additionally, technological devices can increase the capacity of human sensory organs in manifold ways, thereby providing access to phenomena otherwise completely outside our range of experience (electro-magnetic processes, phenomena on the microscopic or macroscopic level).

4, 3-4). Friedrich Dessauer, too, focuses on the idea of creative transformations. 11, 234). Other authors, however, see the essence of technology not in the fact of human activity, but in the methodological character of the procedures employed. 33, 51-53). In the same vein, Fr. von Gottl-Ottlilienfeld defines "technology in the subjective sense as the art of the right way to an end . " As he further explains, "that way is always the most reasonable one which, calculated by the unit of success, requires the least expenditure.

The design and construction of technological systems is the business of the engineer, who thus could be considered as the authority for decisions in technological actions. Indeed, his proper competence begins and ends with the making available of technological means for the solution of a particular problem. Should he additionally claim the right to determine the goals of technology, he would be asking more than a democratic community is prepared to grant. Nevertheless, the engineer, in his capacity as expert in a high-technology society, has a particular obligation to point ou t the negative impacts to be expected from specific technologies.

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