By Albert L. Lloyd
The continued debate over the lifestyles or non-existence of formal verbal element in Gothic brought on the writer to put in writing this monograph whose target is to supply a very new origin for a thought of element and similar positive aspects. Gothic, with its restricted corpus, representing a translation of the Greek, and exhibiting fascinating parallels with Slavic verbal structures, serves and an illustrative version for the idea. partially I the writer argues unified thought of element, actional varieties, and verbal speed offered there possesses an inner good judgment and isn't at variance with saw evidence in quite a few Indo-European languages. partly II an research is gifted of the Gothic verb procedure which seeks to provide an explanation for the much-disputed functionality of ga- and to unravel the matter of Gothic element and actional kinds which does no violence both to the Gothic textual content or the Greek unique.
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Additional info for Anatomy of the Verb: The Gothic Verb as a Model for a Unified Theory of Aspect, Actional Types, and Verbal Velocity
There is an action going on, but what entity is performing it? What is it? The Greeks apparent ly believed to have identified the entity in their expres sion 'Zeus is raining' The Russians, on the other hand, make the rain itself into the entity and de scribe the action by the verb goes: 'The rain is going' (idet dožd'). The other extreme is represented by a phenomenon which consists so predominantly of static entities that no action can be discovered; yet no phenomenon can be reported with out some type of predication about some entity.
46 Anatomy of the Verb way, we can arrive at another tripartite subdivision, but here based not on the actional velocity of single pulses, but on the possibility of all the pulses of an action being cumulated into the predication of a single change: a) Cumulative multipartites. , 'grow'). b) Cumulative or non-cumulative multipartites. , 'drink': see below). c) Non-cumulative multipartites. , 'talk'). Assignment of particular verbs to these sub-classes must be done individually for each language.
High-velocity actions achieve change so rapidly that, unless they are interrupted, they will always achieve the most complete change possible. Anything less can never be regarded as more than an incomplete, inter rupted action. In the case of more moderate velocity actions, any action that achieves a specified goal may be regarded as complete, even if a further change were possi ble. For example, the action of 'dying' can only represent a complete change from a state of life to one of death. 6 This may be a change in the subject itself or in an object.
Anatomy of the Verb: The Gothic Verb as a Model for a Unified Theory of Aspect, Actional Types, and Verbal Velocity by Albert L. Lloyd