By Reem Bassiouney, E. Graham Katz
Arabic, one of many reliable languages of the United international locations, is spoken via greater than part 1000000000 humans around the globe and is of accelerating significance in modern-day political and monetary spheres. The learn of the Arabic language has a protracted and wealthy heritage: earliest grammatical money owed date from the eighth century and comprise complete syntactic, morphological, and phonological analyses of the vernaculars and of Classical Arabic. in recent times the educational learn of Arabic has develop into more and more subtle and huge.
This cutting-edge quantity offers the newest learn in Arabic linguistics from a theoretical viewpoint, together with computational linguistics, syntax, semantics, and historic linguistics. It additionally covers sociolinguistics, utilized linguistics, and discourse research through taking a look at concerns reminiscent of gender, urbanization, and language ideology. Underlying issues contain the altering and evolving attitudes of audio system of Arabic and theoretical techniques to linguistic version within the heart East.
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Bošković, Željko. 2004. ” Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 22:681–742. Bresnan, Joan. 2000. Lexical-Functional Syntax. Oxford: Blackwell. Bresnan, Joan, and Sam A. Mchombo. 1987. ” Language 63, no. 4:741–82. Brisson, Christine. 2000. ” In Proceedings of the Fifteenth Eastern States Conference on Linguistics, edited by Rebecca Daly and Anastasia Riehl. Ithaca, NY: CLC Publications. Dalrymple, Mary. 1993. The Syntax of Anaphoric Binding. Stanford, CA: Center for the Study of Language and Information.
External morphology, or how affixes are attached to a stem or root, is also rule governed. In an agglutinative language like Arabic, affixes representing different Ali Farghaly 42 parts of speech can be conjoined together with a root or stem to form a token that has a syntactic structure. For example, the token “ بالمدينةin the city” is a prepositional phrase that has a stem مدينة, which is a noun, and two prefixes: The first is “ بin,” a preposition, and the second is “ الthe,” a definite article.
2003. ” Proceedings of the 33rd Conference of the Northeast Linguistic Society, 225–44. ———. 2004. , University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. Shlonsky, Ur. 1991. ” Lingua 84:159–80. Sportiche, Dominique. 1988. ” Linguistic Inquiry 19:425–49. Zaenen, Annie. 1985. Extraction Rules in Icelandic. New York: Garland. This page intentionally left blank 3 Statistical and Symbolic Paradigms in Arabic Computational Linguistics A L I FA R G H A LY DataFlux Corporation With the inception of the digital age and, in particular, the widespread adoption of the Internet as a communication tool and as a medium for information exchange, the amount of information available to the public has grown exponentially, although the tools for processing and extracting meaning from this enormous body of information have only grown linearly.
Arabic Language and Linguistics by Reem Bassiouney, E. Graham Katz